Country guides

These guides summarise the paper mills and latest forest news in each country. They also show the results of the Forest Risk Assessment which is the basis of our paper analysis in the Grading System.

You can sort the countries by risk.

The paper mills shown in the country guides are only those listed in the Book Chain Project, so it may not be an exhaustive list in each country. Listing in these country guides does not constitute any endorsement from the Book Chain Project. Detailed results of product-specific risk assessments are only available to publishers and print suppliers with access to the secure database.

Name Deforestation Risk Transhipment Risk Labour Rights & H&S Risk Environment Risk Biodiversity Risk
1 Afghanistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
251 Åland Islands No No No No No
2 Albania Yes Yes No No Yes
3 Algeria Yes No Yes Yes Yes
4 American Samoa No No No No Yes
5 Andorra No No No Yes No
6 Angola Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
7 Anguilla No No No No Yes
250 Antarctica No No No No No
8 Antigua and Barbuda No No No Yes Yes
9 Argentina Yes No No No Yes
10 Armenia No Yes Yes Yes Yes
11 Aruba No No No No Yes
12 Australia Yes No No Yes Yes
13 Austria No No No No Yes
14 Azerbaijan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
16 Bahamas No No No Yes Yes
17 Bahrain No Yes No Yes No
18 Bangladesh Yes Yes Yes No Yes
19 Barbados No No No Yes Yes
20 Belarus Yes Yes Yes No No
21 Belgium No No No No No
22 Belize Yes No Yes No Yes
23 Benin Yes No Yes No Yes
24 Bermuda No No No No Yes
25 Bhutan No No Yes No Yes
26 Bolivia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
27 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba No No No No Yes
28 Bosnia and Herzegovina No No No No Yes
29 Botswana Yes No Yes No No
252 Bouvet Island No No No No No
30 Brazil Yes Yes Yes No Yes
31 British Indian Ocean Territory No No No No No
32 Brunei Darussalam No No Yes No Yes
33 Bulgaria No No No No Yes
34 Burkina Faso Yes Yes Yes No No
35 Burundi Yes No Yes No Yes
40 Cabo Verde No No Yes No Yes
36 Cambodia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
37 Cameroon Yes Yes Yes No Yes
38 Canada No No No No Yes
41 Cayman Islands No No No No Yes
42 Central African Republic Yes No Yes No No
43 Chad Yes Yes Yes No No
45 Chile No No No Yes Yes
46 China No Yes Yes Yes Yes
47 Christmas Island Yes No No No Yes
48 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Yes No No No Yes
49 Colombia Yes Yes No No Yes
50 Comoros Yes No Yes Yes Yes
247 Congo Yes No Yes No Yes
51 Congo (Democratic Republic) Yes Yes Yes No Yes
52 Cook Islands No No No No Yes
53 Costa Rica No Yes No No Yes
54 Côte d'Ivoire Yes Yes Yes No Yes
55 Croatia No No No No Yes
56 Cuba No No Yes Yes Yes
57 Curaçao No No No No Yes
58 Cyprus No Yes No Yes Yes
59 Czech Republic Yes Yes No No No
60 Denmark No No No No No
61 Djibouti Yes No Yes Yes Yes
62 Dominica No Yes No Yes Yes
63 Dominican Republic Yes No No Yes Yes
65 Ecuador Yes Yes Yes No Yes
66 Egypt Yes No Yes No Yes
67 El Salvador Yes No Yes No Yes
68 Equatorial Guinea Yes Yes Yes No Yes
69 Eritrea Yes No Yes Yes Yes
70 Estonia Yes No No Yes No
209 Eswatini Yes No Yes Yes Yes
71 Ethiopia Yes No Yes No Yes
72 Falkland Islands No No No No No
73 Faroe Islands No No No No No
74 Fiji No Yes No Yes Yes
75 Finland No No No No No
76 France No No No No Yes
77 French Guiana No No No No No
78 French Polynesia No No No No Yes
79 French Southern Territories No No No No No
80 Gabon No No Yes No Yes
81 Gambia Yes Yes Yes No No
82 Georgia No Yes No No Yes
83 Germany No No No No No
84 Ghana Yes Yes Yes No Yes
85 Gibraltar No No No No Yes
86 Greece No Yes No Yes Yes
87 Greenland No No No No No
88 Grenada No No No Yes No
89 Guadeloupe No No No No Yes
90 Guam No No No No Yes
91 Guatemala Yes Yes Yes No Yes
254 Guernsey No No No No No
92 Guinea Yes Yes Yes No Yes
246 Guinea-Bissau Yes Yes Yes No No
93 Guyana No No Yes No Yes
94 Haiti Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
256 Heard Island and McDonald Islands No No No No No
96 Honduras Yes Yes Yes No Yes
97 Hong Kong No No Yes No Yes
98 Hungary Yes No No No No
99 Iceland No No No No No
100 India Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
101 Indonesia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
102 Iran Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
103 Iraq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
104 Ireland No No No No No
105 Isle of Man No No No No No
106 Israel Yes Yes No Yes Yes
107 Italy No No No No Yes
108 Jamaica No No No Yes Yes
109 Japan No No No Yes Yes
257 Jersey No No No No No
110 Jordan No Yes No Yes Yes
111 Kazakhstan No Yes Yes Yes Yes
112 Kenya Yes Yes Yes No Yes
113 Kiribati No No Yes No Yes
114 Korea (Democratic People's Republic) Yes Yes Yes Yes No
115 Korea (Republic) No No No Yes No
116 Kuwait Yes Yes Yes Yes No
117 Kyrgyzstan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
118 Lao (People's Democratic Republic) Yes No Yes No Yes
119 Latvia Yes Yes No No No
120 Lebanon Yes No Yes Yes Yes
121 Lesotho No No Yes Yes Yes
122 Liberia Yes No Yes No Yes
123 Libya Yes No Yes Yes Yes
124 Liechtenstein No No No No No
125 Lithuania Yes No No No No
126 Luxembourg No No No No No
127 Macao No Yes Yes No Yes
129 Madagascar Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
130 Malawi Yes Yes Yes No Yes
131 Malaysia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
132 Maldives No No No Yes Yes
133 Mali Yes Yes Yes No No
134 Malta No No No Yes Yes
135 Marshall Islands No No Yes No Yes
136 Martinique No No No No Yes
137 Mauritania Yes Yes Yes Yes No
138 Mauritius No Yes No No Yes
139 Mayotte No No No No Yes
140 Mexico Yes No Yes Yes Yes
248 Micronesia No No Yes Yes Yes
142 Moldova Yes Yes Yes No No
143 Monaco No No No Yes Yes
144 Mongolia No Yes Yes Yes No
249 Montenegro Yes No No No Yes
145 Montserrat No No No No Yes
146 Morocco Yes Yes Yes No Yes
147 Mozambique Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
148 Myanmar Yes No Yes No Yes
149 Namibia Yes No Yes Yes Yes
150 Nauru No No Yes No Yes
151 Nepal No Yes Yes Yes Yes
153 Netherlands No No No No No
155 New Caledonia No No No No Yes
156 New Zealand No No No No Yes
157 Nicaragua Yes No Yes No Yes
158 Niger Yes No Yes No No
159 Nigeria Yes Yes Yes No Yes
160 Niue No No No No Yes
161 Norfolk Island No No No No Yes
128 North Macedonia Yes No No Yes Yes
259 Northern Mariana Islands No No No No Yes
162 Norway No No No No No
163 Oman Yes No No Yes Yes
164 Pakistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
165 Palau No No No No Yes
166 Palestine No No Yes Yes Yes
167 Panama Yes No No No Yes
168 Papua New Guinea No Yes Yes No Yes
169 Paraguay Yes Yes Yes No Yes
170 Peru Yes No Yes Yes Yes
171 Philippines Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
172 Pitcairn No No No No Yes
173 Poland Yes Yes No No No
174 Portugal Yes No No Yes Yes
175 Puerto Rico No No No No Yes
176 Qatar No No No Yes No
177 Réunion No No No No Yes
178 Romania No Yes No No No
179 Russia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
180 Rwanda No Yes Yes No Yes
199 Saint Barthélemy No No No No Yes
201 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha No No No No No
202 Saint Kitts and Nevis No No No No Yes
203 Saint Lucia No No No Yes Yes
258 Saint Martin No No No No Yes
205 Saint Pierre and Miquelon No No No No No
206 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No No No Yes Yes
182 Samoa No No No Yes Yes
184 San Marino No No No Yes Yes
185 Sao Tome and Principe Yes No Yes Yes Yes
186 Saudi Arabia No Yes No Yes Yes
187 Senegal Yes Yes Yes No No
188 Serbia No No Yes No No
189 Seychelles No No No No Yes
190 Sierra Leone Yes Yes Yes No Yes
191 Singapore Yes No No Yes Yes
204 Sint Maarten No No No No Yes
192 Slovakia No Yes No No No
193 Slovenia No Yes No No Yes
194 Solomon Islands Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
195 Somalia Yes No Yes Yes Yes
196 South Africa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
255 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands No No No No No
261 South Sudan No No Yes No Yes
197 Spain Yes No No Yes Yes
198 Sri Lanka Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
207 Sudan Yes No Yes No Yes
208 Suriname No No Yes No No
260 Svalbard and Jan Mayen No No No No No
210 Sweden No No No No No
211 Switzerland No No No No No
212 Syria Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
214 Taiwan No No No No Yes
215 Tajikistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
216 Tanzania Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
217 Thailand Yes Yes Yes No Yes
64 Timor-Leste No No Yes Yes Yes
218 Togo Yes Yes Yes No Yes
219 Tokelau No No No No Yes
220 Tonga No Yes Yes No Yes
221 Trinidad and Tobago No No Yes Yes Yes
222 Tunisia Yes No Yes Yes Yes
223 Turkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
224 Turkmenistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
225 Turks and Caicos Islands No No No No Yes
226 Tuvalu No No Yes No Yes
227 Uganda Yes Yes Yes No Yes
228 Ukraine Yes Yes Yes No No
229 United Arab Emirates No No Yes Yes No
230 United Kingdom No No No No No
231 United States No No No No Yes
262 United States Minor Outlying Islands No No No No Yes
232 Uruguay No No No No Yes
233 Uzbekistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
234 Vanuatu No Yes Yes Yes Yes
235 Vatican City No No No No Yes
236 Venezuela Yes No Yes No Yes
237 Vietnam Yes Yes Yes No Yes
238 Virgin Islands (British) No No No No Yes
239 Virgin Islands (US) No No No No Yes
241 Wallis and Futuna No No No No Yes
253 Western Sahara No No Yes No Yes
242 Yemen Yes No Yes Yes Yes
244 Zambia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
245 Zimbabwe Yes Yes Yes No Yes